Design of a photoreactive analogue of the Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin STIb: use in identifying its receptor on rat brush border membranes
Gariépy, J.; Schoolnik, G.K.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 83(2): 483-487
The Escherichia coli heat-stable enterotoxin, STIb was prepared by solid-phase peptide synthesis and purified to homogeneity by high-pressure liquid chromatography. This analogue was iodinated and shown to bind specifically to rat intestinal membranes. The radiolabeled peptide was derivatized at the amino terminus with the photoreactive heterobifunctional crosslinking agent N-hydroxysuccinimidyl p-benzoylbenzoate. This photoreactive probe also exhibited binding specificity. It was mixed with rat intestinal brush border membranes and photolyzed in the presence or absence of excess unlabeled STIb. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis performed in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate and 2-mercaptoethanol indicated that the peptide probe was crosslinked specifically to two molecular species of 57 and 75 kDa. One or both of these molecules appear to constitute the enterotoxin receptor or to be in close proximity to it.