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Development of thermotolerance and changes in intracellular pH in CHO cells heated at 45.0 degrees C at pH 6.6



Development of thermotolerance and changes in intracellular pH in CHO cells heated at 45.0 degrees C at pH 6.6



Radiation Research 115(1): 106-114



Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells were given short heat pulses (5 to 20 min) at 45.0 degrees C and incubated at 37 degrees C for up to 20 h under either pH 7.3 or 6.6 conditions. Thermotolerance developed under both pH conditions, but at a slower rate in the pH 6.6 medium. Intracellular pH (pHi) was measured with the dye, 1,4-diacetoxy-2,3-dicyanobenzene, combined with flow cytometry. Time-dependent changes in the intracellular pH occurred under either pH condition. CHO cells incubated under normal pH conditions had a transient increase in the pHi. This pHi elevation was followed by a rapid intracellular acidification of approximately 0.15 to 0.25 pH units. The timing of both the increases and decreases in the pHi was dependent on the magnitude of the initial heat dose. With heat doses less than or equal to 10 min, the pHi returned to normal unheated levels after the acidification phase. Although cells incubated under low pH (6.6) conditions showed similar pHi alterations, differences in the kinetics were measured. The intracellular pH increased immediately after heating. In addition, when intracellular acidification occurred, the rate of acidification was significantly reduced. With heat doses longer than 5 min under the low pH conditions, the pHi did not return to normal unheated levels.

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Accession: 039796329

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PMID: 3393626


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