Difference in the relation between infarct and occluded bed in pentobarbital-anesthetized and conscious dogs

Jugdutt, B.I.

Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 64(3): 254-262


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-4212
PMID: 3708434
DOI: 10.1139/y86-041
Accession: 039818793

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The relationship between myocardial infarct size (IS) and occluded bed size (OBS) in pentobarbital-anesthetized (A, n = 16) and conscious (C, n = 20) dog models were compared. IS and OBS (postmortem coronary arteriography) were measured by computerized planimetry of weighed left ventricular (LV) rings 7 days after permanent left anterior descending (LAD, n = 19) or circumflex (LC, n = 17) coronary artery occlusion. For both A and C groups, IS was directly related to OBS (p less than 0.001) and no infarcts developed for small occluded beds. For either LAD or LC subgroups, infarcts were larger in A than C dogs (49 +/- 18 vs. 30 +/- 19% OBS, p less than 0.025), with greater slope of the linear regression between IS and OBS (p less than 0.001) and less epicardial sparing on topographic mapping (p less than 0.05). Although postocclusion mean arterial and left atrial pressures were similar in A and C groups, heart rates were greater in the A dogs, both pre- (125 vs. 88 beats/min, p less than 0.001) and post-occlusion (151 vs. 108 beats/min, p less than 0.001). Endocardial flows (radioactive microspheres) in infarct centers and margins were less in A than C dogs. Also, endocardial/epicardial (endo/epi) flow ratios in all regions were less in A than C dogs, both pre- and post-occlusion. Increasing heart rate in 10 other C dogs with LAD occlusion to that of the A group (151 beats/min) by right ventricular pacing resulted in larger infarcts with greater slope of the linear regression and less endo/epi flow ratios, as in the A group.