Differential blocking actions of idazoxan against the inhibitory effects of 6-fluoronoradrenaline and clonidine in the rat vas deferens

Hicks, P.E.; Langer, S.Z.; Macrae, A.D.

British Journal of Pharmacology 86(1): 141-150

1985


ISSN/ISBN: 0007-1188
PMID: 2864967
DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.1985.tb09444.x
Accession: 039822671

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Abstract
The prejunctional inhibitory effects of clonidine and 6-fluoronoradrenaline (6-FNA) have been evaluated in the isolated prostatic segment of the rat vas deferens, against the twitch response evoked by low frequency (0.1 Hz) field stimulation. The inhibitory potency of 6FNA was significantly increased in the presence of cocaine (1 microM) or pargyline (10 microM), but was not modified in the vas deferens from rats pretreated with reserpine when the endogenous levels of noradrenaline (NA) were decreased by 97%. Clonidine was significantly more potent than 6-FNA as an inhibitory agonist, and the potency of clonidine was not modified after cocaine, pargyline or reserpine. The alpha 2-adrenoceptor blocking agent idazoxan, was a competitive antagonist against the inhibitory effects of clonidine under all experimental conditions. In contrast, the only antagonism shown by idazoxan against the inhibitory effects of 6-FNA was in the presence of cocaine (1 microM), and this antagonist effect of idazoxan was not concentration-related. Low concentrations of 6-FNA caused concentration-dependent facilitatory effects on the twitch response, which were significantly greater after treatment with idazoxan (1 microM) in reserpine-treated vas deferens. These facilitatory effects of 6-FNA were always observed in the presence of prazosin (300 nM) and also after treatment of the preparations with phenoxybenzamine (10 microM), a concentration which abolished the inhibitory actions of both clonidine and 6-FNA. The facilitatory effects on the twitch response induced by low concentrations of 6-FNA are therefore unlikely to be due to either alpha 1- or alpha 2-adrenoceptor stimulation. In conclusion, the failure of idazoxan to block the inhibitory effects of 6-FNA, while exerting a potent competitive antagonism of clonidine-induced inhibitory effects, supports the proposal that alpha 2-adrenoceptors may in fact be subdivided into two subclasses, involving imidazoline and phenylethylamine recognition sites.

Differential blocking actions of idazoxan against the inhibitory effects of 6-fluoronoradrenaline and clonidine in the rat vas deferens