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Direct measurement of intramolecular electron transfer between type I and type III copper centers in the multi-copper enzyme ascorbate oxidase and its type II copper-depleted and cyanide-inhibited forms



Direct measurement of intramolecular electron transfer between type I and type III copper centers in the multi-copper enzyme ascorbate oxidase and its type II copper-depleted and cyanide-inhibited forms



Biochemistry 30(18): 4619-4623



Transient kinetics of reduction of zucchini squash ascorbate oxidase (AO) by lumiflavin semiquinone have been studied by using laser flash photolysis. Second-order kinetics were obtained for reduction of the type I copper with a rate constant of 2.7 X 10(7) M-1 s-1, which is comparable to that obtained with other blue copper proteins such as plastocyanin. Following reduction, the type I copper was reoxidized in a protein concentration independent (i.e., intramolecular) reaction (kobs = 160 s-1). Comparison with literature values for limiting rate constants in transient single-turnover kinetic experiments suggests that intramolecular electron transfer probably is the rate-limiting step in enzyme catalysis. The extent of reoxidation of type I copper was approximately 55%, which is consistent with the approximately equal redox potentials of the type I and type III copper centers. Neither azide nor fluoride caused any significant changes in kinetics, although they are enzyme inhibitors and are thought to bind to the type II copper. In contrast, cyanide caused a concentration-dependent decrease in the extent of intramolecular electron transfer (with no change in rate constant), and decreased the rate constant for reduction of the type I copper by a factor of 2. The apparent dissociation constant for cyanide (0.2-0.4 mM) is similar to that reported for inhibition of enzyme activity. Removal of the type II copper from AO only marginally affected the kinetics of electron transfer to type I copper (k = 3.2 x 10(7) M-1 s-1) and slightly increased the extent but did not alter the rate constant of intramolecular electron transfer.

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Accession: 039837798

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PMID: 2021653

DOI: 10.1021/bi00232a037



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