+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Disability from bicycle-related injuries in children



Disability from bicycle-related injuries in children



Journal of Trauma 30(11): 1390-1394



Bicycle crashes are a major cause of injuries in childhood. The goal of this study was to determine the long-term disabilities caused by bicycle-related injuries, and to clarify the long-term treatment priorities of injured children. Hospital records of 372 children (ages 2-15 yr, median 9 yr; 232 boys and 140 girls) admitted with bicycle-related injuries from 1979 through 1986 provided clinical information, social service visits, in-hospital and outpatient rehabilitative interventions, and physical status at discharge. More complete evaluations were made by contacting parents by telephone (82 children), and by personal interview and physical examinations (27). Head injuries predominated (69.1%). Twelve (3.2%) died, all from major head injuries. Four suffered permanent severe impairment from cervical spinal injuries and head injuries and remain institutionalized (1.4%). One third had a persistent disability noted at the time of discharge in the medical record (33.6%), reported by telephone interview (31.7%), or confirmed by physical examination (37.0%). Still, only 11.0% received physical therapy consultations during hospitalization, and 22.8% received social service assistance. Only 39.0% were seen by a surgeon or pediatrician after discharge, and few (7.3%) received outpatient physical therapy. Cognitive or behavior changes were noted in 31.7%, many noting changes in school performance (worse in 20.7%), behavior (13.4%), and sleep, particularly nightmares (34.1%). Recurrent injuries occurred in 52 children (14.4%), of whom ten (2.8%) required further hospital admission. Bicycle-related injuries cause significant short- and long-term disabilities among children.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 039839358

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2172563

DOI: 10.1097/00005373-199011000-00012


Related references

Bicycle-related injuries to children and parental attitudes regarding bicycle safety. Clinical Pediatrics 43(3): 251-259, 2004

Prevention of bicycle-related injuries in children and youth: a systematic review of bicycle skills training interventions. Injury Prevention 20(3): 191-195, 2014

Bicycle-related injuries among young children related to age at debut of cycling. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 37(1): 71-75, 2005

Bicycle-related injuries among preschool children. Annals Of Emergency Medicine. 30(3): 260-265, 1997

Abdominal injuries related to bicycle accidents in children. Pediatric Surgery International 29(5): 459-463, 2013

Bicycle-related injuries among children and adolescents in the United States. Clinical Pediatrics 48(2): 166-173, 2009

Bicycle-Related Injuries Among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Yearbook of Sports Medicine 2009: 2-3, 2009

Bicycle spoke-related injuries in children: emphasise prevention. NederlandsTijdschriftVoorGeneeskunde155(30-31):A3736, 2011

Bicycle-related injuries among children requiring emergency treatment. Pediatric Research 53(4 Part 2): 197A-198A, 2003

How bicycle-related injuries change bicycling practices in children. American Journal of Diseases of Children 144(8): 928-929, 1990

Urban/rural variation in children's bicycle-related injuries. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 36(4): 649-654, 2004

Bicycle safety helmet legislation and bicycle-related non-fatal injuries in California. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 37(1): 93, 2005

Bicycle-related injuries in children: Disturbing profile of a growing problem. Yearbook of Sports Medicine 2010: 1-2, 2010

Bicycle-related head injuries in South Carolina children: what can we do to prevent them?. Journal of the South Carolina Medical Association 90(8): 355-359, 1994

Bicycle-related injuries in children: disturbing profile of a growing problem. Injury 40(9): 1011-1013, 2009