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Drosophila 5 S RNA processing requires the 1-118 base pair and additional sequence proximal to the processing site

Drosophila 5 S RNA processing requires the 1-118 base pair and additional sequence proximal to the processing site

Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(35): 23602-23605

ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9258

PMID: 1748637

Using an in vitro processing system, we have identified a required sequence surrounding the Drosophila melanogaster 5 S RNA processing site at nucleotide 120. Mutations in this region vary the processing rate from complete inhibition to a level equal to or greater than wild type. Analysis of mutants at +1 and in the region 118-122 separates the inhibitory effect into two parts. 1) Nucleotide 118 C, the base-paired nucleotide in helix I proximal to the processing site, plays an essential role. Changing it to a purine inhibits processing. The +1-118 base pair must be intact, but this alone is not sufficient for processing, since compensatory changes at +1 do not restore down-processing mutants at 118 to the wild type level. 2) The processing site has to be pyrimidine rich; multiple contiguous purines inhibit processing. On the other hand, multiple pyrimidines can largely negate the inhibitory effect of a mutation at position 118. Thus a base-paired C at 118 followed by a stretch of pyrimidines is the processing signal, which may be recognized by the processing enzyme and/or a required accessory factor.

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Accession: 039871934

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