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Drug metabolism in adult rat hepatocytes in primary monolayer culture



Drug metabolism in adult rat hepatocytes in primary monolayer culture



Gastroenterology 72(6): 1232-1239



Primary monolayer culture of adult rat hepatocytes represents a novel and potentially useful technique to study many aspects of hepatic physiology for extended periods of time in vitro (J Cell Biol 59:722-734, 1973). In examining the hepatic drug-metabolizing system in these cells, we have discovered that the conditions of cell culture exert rapid, selective, and reproducible changes in microsomal enzymes. In the 24- to 48-hr period immediately following preparation and culture of the isolated parenchymal cells, the level of the drug-binding microsomal hemoprotein, cytochrome P-450, measured in extracts of cell homogenates, declined to less than 20% of its in vivo level, whereas NADPH-cytochrome c reductase activity was only moderately reduced and glucose-6-phosphatase activity remained unchanged. The activity of aminopyrine-N-demethylase and aniline hydroxylase also fell, paralleling the level of cytochrome P-450. By contrast, p-nitroanisole O-demethylase activity was unchanged in the cultured hepatocytes despite evidence (type I binding spectrum, NADPH requirement, inhibition by carbon monoxide or by SKF 525A) that p-nitroanisole O-demethylase is a cytochrome P-450-dependent enzyme. In culture, as in vivo, aromatic polycyclic hydrocarbons stimulated p-nitroanisole O-demethylase and aryl hydrocarbon (benzo [a] pyrene) hydroxylase activities; however, this effect was unaccompanied by a detectable increase in total carbon monoxide-binding hemoprotein. The data indicate that the profile of microsomal oxidase enzymes and their control undergo striking changes as hepatocytes adapt to cell culture.

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Accession: 039873592

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PMID: 404208


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