Dual mechanisms in priming of the chemoattractant-induced respiratory burst in human granulocytes. a Ca2+-dependent and a Ca2+-independent route
Koenderman, L.; Yazdanbakhsh, M.; Roos, D.; Verhoeven, A.J.
Journal of Immunology 142(2): 623-628
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767 PMID: 2911014 Accession: 039877418
After interaction with so-called priming agents, the respiratory burst in human granulocytes does not become activated, but is enhanced upon subsequent stimulation with the chemoattractant FMLP. Investigating the mechanism of the priming reaction, we found that a transient rise in the cytosolic free calcium concentration [( Ca2+]i) suffices to irreversibly prime human granulocytes. Thus, platelet-activating factor (PAF) induced a transient increase in [Ca2+]i and primed the cells to an enhanced respiratory burst upon subsequent interaction with FMLP. Artificially, the transient rise in [Ca2+]i was mimicked by addition and subsequent removal of the Ca2+ ionophore ionomycin; this treatment too, primed the respiratory burst of the granulocytes. The priming induced by ionomycin was completely abolished when [Ca2+]i changes were buffered during exposure of the cells to the ionophore. The priming induced by PAF was only partially inhibited under [Ca2+]i-buffering conditions during priming, indicating that multiple pathways exist in the priming of granulocytes by PAF.