Cytoplasmic RNA from imaginal discs of Drosophila melanogaster, labeled by uridine incorporation in organ culture, has been assayed by hybridization to cytological preparations of polytene chromosomes. RNA labeled during the early stages (first four hours) of ecdysone stimulation was compared to RNA labeled in the absence of the hormone. For the poly(A)-containing fraction (oligo-dT bound), several loci hybridize only RNA labeled in the presence of ecdysone; one locus hybridizes only control RNA. The majority of hybridizing loci are unaffected by the hormone. Of the loci hybridizing RNA not bound to oligo-dT, several appear specific for the ecdysone-treated sample, though most are labeled more heavily with this RNA than with the control. None of the ecdysone-sensitive loci visualized by in situ hybridization are the sites of salivary gland puffs induced by ecdysone on the same time scale.