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Eco-epidemiology of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Yemen Arab Republic. I. Presence, in sympatric condition, of Leishmania infantum and Leishmania donovani complexes



Eco-epidemiology of visceral and cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Yemen Arab Republic. I. Presence, in sympatric condition, of Leishmania infantum and Leishmania donovani complexes



Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de Ses Filiales 82(5): 658-664



In complement to a previous survey, the authors proceed to the analysis of strains isolated from visceral human and canine leishmaniasis. Finally, among eight human strains isolated and identified with an enzymatic method, seven belong to the Leishmania donovani complex and one to the L. infantum complex. The L. donovani complex is represented by the MON-31 and MON-83 zymodem. The first one is also present in Saudi Arabia and Ethiopia. The second one, corresponding to a small variant, pleads for an intrafocal polymorphism phenomenon which was until now unknown in the L. donovani complex. The L. infantum complex is observed: 1) in sympatria with L. donovani in mountainous areas; 2) alone in the Tihama coastal plain. As for human cutaneous leishmaniasis present in the same focuses it is caused by L. tropica MON-71 and not by the above mentioned complexes.

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Accession: 039896072

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PMID: 2633874


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