Effect of age on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system in normal subjects: simultaneous measurement of active and inactive renin, renin substrate, and aldosterone in plasma
Tsunoda, K.; Abe, K.; Goto, T.; Yasujima, M.; Sato, M.; Omata, K.; Seino, M.; Yoshinaga, K.
Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 62(2): 384-389
To investigate the effect of aging on the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, plasma renin substrate concentrations (PRSC); plasma total, active, and inactive renin concentrations (TRC, ARC, and IRC); PRA; and plasma aldosterone concentrations (PAC) were measured simultaneously in 60 normal subjects, 18-84 yr old. PRSC was measured by the addition of excess human renal renin. ARC and TRC after trypsin activation were measured by adding sheep renin substrate; IRC was calculated by subtracting ARC from TRC. The active renin ratio was calculated as follows: ARC/TRC X 100%. PRA and PAC were measured by RIA. There were no significant changes in PRSC, TRC, IRC, and PRA to PAC ratio with aging. Both ARC and active renin ratio fell significantly with aging (r = 0.46 and P less than 0.01; and r = 0.54 and P less than 0.01, respectively). PRA and PAC also tended to decrease with aging (r = 0.35 and P less than 0.01; and r = 0.59 and P less than 0.01, respectively). A significant positive correlation was found between PRA and ARC (r = 0.72; P less than 0.001). PRA was also correlated with PAC. In conclusion, the age-related decrease in PRA is not due to the change in PRSC, but is mainly due to the fall in ARC. Decreased conversion of inactive to active renin might be responsible in part for the reduced ARC in the elderly.