Effect of strength training on enzyme activities and fibre characteristics in human skeletal muscle
Thorstensson, A.; Hultén, B.; von Döbeln, W.; Karlsson, J.
Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 96(3): 392-398
Progressive strength training was performed 3 times a week for 8 weeks by 14 male students (19-31 yrs.). The training program consisted mainly of dynamic exercises for the leg extensors with maximal or close to maximal loads. The training caused significant improvements in dynamic and isometric strength. One repetition maximum in squats increased with 67%, Sargent jump with 22%, and maximal voluntary isometric contraction (MVC) with 13%, respectively. Body weight and leg muscle circumferences remained unchanged after training, whereas total body potassium, lean body mass and calculated total muscle mass increased, suggesting a change in body composition with training. Muscle biopsies were obtained from vastus lateralis for fibre analyses and determination of enzyme activities. There were no changes in muscle fibre composition or fibre area with training. The activities of Mg2+ stimulated ATPase, creatine phosphokinase and phosphofructokinase remained unchanged, whereas myokinase activity was increased after training from (1.41 to 1.52 moles x 10(-4) x g-1 x min-1, p less than 0.05). After training significant correlations (p less than 0.01) were demonstrated between Mg2+ stimulated ATPase activity and % fast twitch fibres (% FT) (r = 0.67), as well as between myokinase activity and % FT (r = 0.86).