+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Effectiveness of maximally different cognitive strategies and expectancy in attenuation of reported pain



Effectiveness of maximally different cognitive strategies and expectancy in attenuation of reported pain



Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 58(4): 672-678



Ninety-six Ss rated pain during baseline and posttreatment exposures to cold pressor pain. Between trials, Ss in four groups were trained to use one of four cognitive coping strategies involving (a) imaginal reinterpretation, (b) imaginal distraction, (c) nonimaginal reinterpretation, or (d) nonimaginal distraction. Two additional groups were given: (e) an expectation for analgesia but no coping strategy and (f) no treatment. The four coping strategies produced equivalent attenuation of pain ratings and equivalent expectancies for analgesia. Expectancy control Ss expected analgesia, but reported no significant pain reductions. No treatment control Ss neither expected nor achieved any significant pain reductions. Among cognitive strategy groups, the Ss absorption added significantly to the variance in pain reduction above and beyond the effects of expectancy. Theoretical implications are discussed.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 039951912

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2348363

DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.58.4.672


Related references

Cognitive strategies, expectancy, and coping style in the control of pain. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 47(1): 179-180, 1979

Cognitive strategies, experimenter modeling, and expectation in the attenuation of pain. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 83(4): 356-363, 1974

Expectancy, redefinition and reported pain. Perceptual and Motor Skills 64(2): 355-358, 1987

Pain Assessment Using Self-reported, Nurse-reported, and Observational Pain Assessment Tools among Older Individuals with Cognitive Impairment. Pain Management Nursing 16(4): 595-601, 2015

The role of threat-expectancy in acute pain: effects on attentional bias, coping strategy effectiveness and response to pain. Pain 119(1-3): 168-175, 2005

Expectancy effects on anxiety and self-generated cognitive strategies in high and low dental-anxious females. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry 15(3): 241-247, 1984

Self-Reported Pain and Pain Management Strategies Among Veterans With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Pilot Study. Military Medicine 180(8): 863-868, 2015

Cognitive mediators in the reduction of pain: the role of expectancy, strategy use, and self-presentation. Journal of Abnormal Psychology 98(3): 256-262, 1989

Treatment expectancy affects the outcome of cognitive-behavioral interventions in chronic pain. Clinical Journal of Pain 21(1): 18-26; Discussion 69-72, 2004

Cognitive control of pain effects of multiple cognitive strategies. Psychological Record 27(2): 373-383, 1977

Feelings of powerlessness in relation to pain: ascribed causes and reported strategies. A qualitative study among Dutch community nurses caring for cancer patients with pain. Cancer Nursing 20(6): 422-429, 1997

Report on a computer-randomized double blind clinical trial to determine the effectiveness of the GaAlAs (830 nm) diode laser for pain attenuation in selected pain groups. Laser Therapy 6(3): 143-148, 1994

Impact of late-life self-reported emotional problems on Disability-Free Life Expectancy: results from the MRC Cognitive Function and Ageing Study. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry 23(6): 643-649, 2008

Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of adding a cognitive behavioral treatment to the rehabilitation of chronic low back pain. Journal of Rheumatology 33(12): 2519-2526, 2006

Differences in cognitive coping strategies among pain sensitive and pain tolerant individuals on the cold pressor test. Behavior Therapy 23(1): 31-42, 1992