Effects of intranigral substance P and neurokinin a on striatal dopamine release--I. Interactions with substance P antagonists

Reid, M.S.; Herrera-Marschitz, M.; Hökfelt, T.; Ohlin, M.; Valentino, K.L.; Ungerstedt, U.

Neuroscience 36(3): 643-658

1990


ISSN/ISBN: 0306-4522
PMID: 1700329
DOI: 10.1016/0306-4522(90)90007-q
Accession: 039972311

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Abstract
The functional role of striatonigral neurokinins were studied by analysing the effects of intranigral injections of substance P and neurokinin A on the extracellular level of dopamine and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid in the striatum, as measured by in vivo microdialysis in rats. Two substance P antagonists, substance P D-Pro2 D-Trp7,9 and substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 were tested and analysed for their ability to block the neurokinin effects. Unilateral injections of substance P (0.00007-7.0 nmol injected in 0.2 microliter) as well as neurokinin A (0.009-9.0 nmol) into the substantia nigra, pars reticulata of halothane anaesthetized rats produced long-lasting increases in ipsilateral striatal dopamine and dihydroxyphenylacetic acid levels. The dose-response relationship for substance P on dopamine was biphasic, with maximal effects occurring after the middle dose (0.007-0.07 nmol). The dose-response relationship for neurokinin A was monophasic. Intranigral injections of substance P D-Pro2 D-Trp7,9 (0.07-0.7 nmol) or substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 (0.07-0.7 nmol) produced a decrease in striatal dopamine, but an increase in striatal dihydroxyphenylacetic acid. At a low dose (0.07 nmol) substance P D-Pro2 D-Trp7,9 enhanced the dopamine increase produced by intranigral substance P (0.07 nmol) or neurokinin A (0.09), while at a high dose (0.7 nmol) it blocked both substance P and neurokinin A effects. Both doses of substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 (0.07 and 0.7 nmol) blocked the substance P- but not the neurokinin A-induced increase in striatal dopamine. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that high doses of substance P (7.0 nmol) and neurokinin A (0.9 and 9.0 nmol), as well as substance P D-Pro2 D-Trp7,9 and substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 (0.07 and 0.7 nmol), induced a restricted loss of tyrosine hydroxylase in dendrites and cells, and neuropeptide K in terminals, at the site of injection. Further analysis shows that co-administration of substance P (0.07 nmol) or neurokinin A (0.09 nmol) did not modify the extent of the depletion of both immunoreactivities induced by substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 (0.7 nmol). The extent of the effect produced by substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11 (0.7 nmol) was, however, smaller than the spread of intranigral injection of [125I]Bolton-Hunter-labelled substance P D-Arg1 D-Trp7,9 Leu11, and it is suggested that the "neurotoxic" effects of the substance P antagonists are not primarily involved in their abilities to inhibit striatal dopamine release and block the stimulation of dopamine after intranigral substance P and neurokinin A.