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Effects of rectal premedication and the mother's presence on induction of pediatric anesthesia



Effects of rectal premedication and the mother's presence on induction of pediatric anesthesia



Masui. Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology 40(4): 552-556



The effects of the rectal premedication and the mother's presence on induction of anesthesia were studied with 67 children between the ages of 1 and 6 years. All children were induced with mask using nitrous oxide-oxygen-halothane. Children's emotional states during induction were categorized as excellent, good or fair. Rating of excellent or good was considered to indicate satisfactory induction. Forty-seven children were accompanied by their mother. Twenty-two of them were premedicated with rectal bromazepam (3 mg), while another twenty-five children were not premedicated. Satisfactory induction after premedication was performed on 78% of the 1-3 year olds and 100% of the 4-6 year olds, whereas without rectal premedication, satisfactory induction was achieved in 42% of the 1-3 year olds and 69% of the 4-6 year olds. Rectal premedication was important for satisfactory induction. Another twenty of all children were premedicated with rectal bromazepam (3 mg) and induced without mother presence. Satisfactory induction was performed on 38% of the 1-3 year olds and 100% of the 4-6 year olds. Mother's presence tended to lead to satisfactory induction. Furthermore, we sought feedback from the mothers about their presence during induction of anesthesia. Almost all of the mothers said they appreciated the opportunity to be present, with the exception of four mothers (8.5%) who reported feeling of some anxiety to be in an operating room.

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Accession: 039980959

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PMID: 2051580


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