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Effects of roentgen contrast media containing barium sulfate on enterocutaneous fistulas

Effects of roentgen contrast media containing barium sulfate on enterocutaneous fistulas

Zentralblatt für Chirurgie 114(20): 1355-1362

Fistulation in the wake of thoracic and epigastric interventions are conservatively treated, as a rule, because of the high rate of complications expected from reoperation. With properly functioning anastomotic transit, insufficiencies usually undergo spontaneous healing, within four to six weeks. Enterocutaneous fistulae developed in 29 of 271 patients with intrathoracic oesophagogastric or oesophagojejunal anastomosis. Syringeal ramification into pleural or abdominal cavities were ruled out by means of an absorbable contrast medium, before barium sulphate was orally administered to all patients. Thoracic fistulae were closed after 21.8 days on average, while 20.3 days was the average period required for closure of epigastric fistulae. Barium sulphate was found to exercise stimulating effects on fistular tissue granulation, so that obliteration of the fistular system occurred much sooner, as compared to conservative treatment. The patient's quality of life can thus be improved, and hospitalisation can be shortened. Neither locally delimited nor systemic complications were observed in any of the cases described.

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Accession: 039981443

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PMID: 2588850

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