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Energetics of Ehrlich ascites mitochondria: membrane potential of isolated mitochondria and mitochondria within digitonin-permeabilized cells



Energetics of Ehrlich ascites mitochondria: membrane potential of isolated mitochondria and mitochondria within digitonin-permeabilized cells



Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1015(3): 503-509



Ehrlich ascites tumour cells were treated with digitonin so that they became permeable for low-molecular-weight compounds but, at certain concentrations of digitonin, retained most of their cytoplasmic proteins. Respiration of mitochondria with exogenous substrates and their membrane potential could thus be measured in situ by means of oxygen electrode and tetraphenylphosphonium-sensitive electrode, respectively. The results were compared with data from similar measurements on mitochondria isolated from such digitonin-permeabilized cells. Isolated mitochondria and mitochondria in situ oxidized succinate at similar rates and developed membrane potential of comparable magnitude. Both preparations also exhibited an identical nonlinear relationship between resting state respiration (titrated with a respiratory inhibitor) and the membrane potential. In the cells permeabilized with low concentrations of digitonin (i.e., retaining most of cytoplasmic proteins) and suspended in medium containing NaCl and other major anions and cations at concentrations close to those in mammalian plasma, anaerobiosis did not produce a decrease in the mitochondrial membrane potential, which was collapsed only after a subsequent addition of oligomycin. In this medium, glucose had little effect on either respiration or the membrane potential.

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Accession: 040021288

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PMID: 2302389

DOI: 10.1016/0005-2728(90)90084-h


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