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Enhanced virus replication and inhibition of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus disease in anti-gamma interferon-treated mice



Enhanced virus replication and inhibition of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus disease in anti-gamma interferon-treated mice



Journal of Virology 63(6): 2813-2819



The role of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) induced during a viral infection in the ability of the host to acquire antiviral immunity was studied in mice. They were injected subcutaneously daily with an ammonium sulfate-precipitated sheep anti-IFN-gamma antibody preparation able to neutralize 10(4) U of IFN-gamma. Specificity of the anti-IFN-gamma antiserum was demonstrated by absence of detectable activity against natural IFN-alpha and -beta. Controls were treated with a similarly prepared normal sheep serum. Treatment with the IFN-gamma-specific antibody preparation had no influence on the ability of mice to generate anti-vaccinia virus- or anti-vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-specific cytotoxic T-cell (CTL) responses or T helper-dependent immunoglobulin G responses to VSV. In contrast, treatment of mice with sheep anti-IFN-gamma impaired CTL responses against lymphocytic choriomeningitis (LCM) virus (LCMV, Aggressive isolate); in addition, under the experimental conditions used, it prevented lethal LCM. Cytotoxic T-cell activity measured in the spleens of anti-IFN-gamma-treated mice was comparable to that found in mice initially infected with a 100-fold-larger dose of LCMV. Evaluation of the effects of treatment on the kinetics of virus replication revealed that in both euthymic and athymic nude C57BL/6 mice, anti-IFN-gamma treatment led to an increase of virus titers up to 100-fold compared with control mice. Therefore, IFN-gamma may play a role in controlling viruses with tropism for lymphocytes and monocytes/macrophages, such as LCMV.

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Accession: 040024051

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PMID: 2542591


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