Section 41
Chapter 40,031

Enzyme activities in type I and II muscle fibres of human skeletal muscle in relation to age and torque development

Borges, O.; Essén-Gustavsson, B.

Acta Physiologica Scandinavica 136(1): 29-36


ISSN/ISBN: 0001-6772
PMID: 2773660
DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.1989.tb08626.x
Accession: 040030609

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The quadriceps muscles from 20-30- and 70-year-old clinically healthy men and women were studied regarding maximal isometric and isokinetic muscle torque in Newton metres (Nm), morphology and enzyme activity. Biopsy specimens were taken from the vastus lateralis muscle and freeze-dried, and individual fibres were dissected out and identified as type I or type II. The activities of citrate synthase (CS), 3-OHacyl-coA dehydrogenase (HAD), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), myokinase (MK) and creatine phosphokinase (CPK) were determined in pools of type I and type II fibres. In both age groups a higher oxidative (CS, HAD, 1.3-1.5 .times.) and a lower glycolytic (LDH, 0.7 .times.) capacity was found in type I than in type II fibres. The myokinase activity was higher in type II (2 .times.) than in type I, whereas CPK activity was similar. The young men showed higher CS activity in both type I and type II fibres (1.5 .times.) and higher CPK activity in type I fibres (1.4 .times.) than the young women. There were only minor changes in oxidative or glycolytic capacities in relation to age. Myokinase was the only enzyme that decreased markedly with age in both pools of fibre types. Type II fibre area and mean fibre area correlated significantly to muscle torque in both sexes. In men, myokinase activity in type II fibres was significantly correlated to type II fibre area and to maximal muscle torque.

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