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Evaluation of a real-time aerosol monitor (RAM-S) for inhalation studies

, : Evaluation of a real-time aerosol monitor (RAM-S) for inhalation studies. Fundamental and Applied Toxicology 10(2): 321-328

Measurement of the aerosol concentration in inhalation toxicology studies is generally done by gravimetric and/or chemical analysis of filter samples taken over a known period of time at a fixed sampling flow rate. The value obtained represents the time-averaged concentration in an exposure chamber. However, the filter method does not provide information as to the stability of aerosol concentration in "real-time" nor as to the time required for the aerosol concentration to reach the target value during the start-up of exposures. In order to accomplish evaluation of aerosol stability and chamber rise and fall times, a direct measurement device is required. An available real-time aerosol monitor (RAM-S, GCA Corp., Bedford, MA) is a photometer which collects scattered light from an aerosol cloud at a 70 +/- 25 degrees angle. The output signal is 0 to 10 volt with three ranges corresponding to maximum aerosol concentrations of 200, 20, and 2 mg/m3. The performance of the RAM-S was evaluated in inhalation studies involving nickel sulfate hexahydrate, nickel oxide, nickel subsulfide, and azodicarbonamide. Several RAM-S units were calibrated by obtaining both filter samples and voltage readings of a RAM-S simultaneously. Results indicated that the response of the RAM-S instruments was linear. However, the voltage output per given aerosol concentration was different for each compound used. Furthermore, there was interinstrument variability in the voltage response to aerosol concentration of a given compound. At concentrations higher than 100 mg/m3, modification of the flow system in the RAM-S was made to increase the sheath air around the optical system and also to dilute the aerosol concentration.

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Accession: 040062887

PMID: 3356319

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