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Evaluation of aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis: addition of glutathione and glutathione-S-transferase to the Salmonella mutagenicity assay

Evaluation of aflatoxin B1 mutagenesis: addition of glutathione and glutathione-S-transferase to the Salmonella mutagenicity assay

Environmental Mutagenesis 9(4): 411-419

The effects of glutathione (GSH) and the combination of GSH and glutathione-S-transferase (GST) on aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) mutagenesis in the Salmonella mutagenicity assay using Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100 were tested. Ten concentrations of AFB1 (0-1.0 micrograms/plate) were added to a liver microsomal homogenate (S9 mix) or to S9 mix containing GSH or S9 mix containing the combination of GSH + GST. One-third of the samples were plated directly. Two-thirds were incubated for 30 min at 37 degrees C prior to plating, and of those, half included bacteria. All samples were plated according to Ames et al [1975]. The results show that the addition of GSH and GSH + GST affected AFB1 mutagenesis by forming the AFB1-GSH conjugate and decreasing the availability of AFB1-8,9-epoxide. The effect of GST on GSH activity varied with the strain because of the different amounts of S9 mix used. The formation of the AFB1-GSH conjugate was verified by using reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography for quantitation of AFB1 and detection of AFB1-GSH.

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Accession: 040063305

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PMID: 3107976

DOI: 10.1002/em.2860090407

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