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Evidence for involvement of protein kinase in the activation by adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate of brain tyrosine 3-monooxygenase

Evidence for involvement of protein kinase in the activation by adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate of brain tyrosine 3-monooxygenase

Journal of Biological Chemistry 250(5): 1946-1948

Addition of adenosine 3':5'-monophosphate (cAMP) to high speed supernatant preparations obtained from rat brain caused a 3- to 4-fold increase in tyrosine 3-monooxygenase (tyrosine hydroxylase) activity. The tyrosine 3-monooxygenase remained in an activated state upon removal of the cAMP by passing the enzyme through a Sephadex G-25 column. Substances which inhibit cAMP-dependent protein kinase, namely, EDTA, ADP, and adenosine, and protein kinase modulator, each antagonized the activation of tyrosine 3-monooxygenase produced by cAMP. Furthermore, addition of partially purified brain cAMP-dependent protein kinase caused a several-fold increase in tyrosin 3-monooxygenase activity. The activation of tyrosine 3-monooxygenase by added cAMP and protein kinase required the presence of ATP and Mg-2+. These data suggests that the cAMP activation of tyrosine 3-monooxygenase may be mediated by a cAMP-dependent protein kinase.

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Accession: 040078419

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PMID: 234470

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