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Excitatory amino acid antagonists induce a phencyclidine-like catalepsy in pigeons: structure-activity studies

Excitatory amino acid antagonists induce a phencyclidine-like catalepsy in pigeons: structure-activity studies

Neuropharmacology 26(9): 1261-1265

The excitatory amino acid antagonists D,L-2-amino-5-phosphonovalerate (D,L-AP5), its isomers D-(-)-AP5 and L-(+)-AP5, D,L-2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (AP4), D,L-2-amino-7-phosphonoheptanoate (AP7), beta-D-aspartylaminomethylphosphonic acid (ASP-AMP), cis-2,3-piperidinedicarboxylic acid (cis-PDA), and gamma-D-glutamylaminomethylsulphonic acid (GAMS) were tested for their ability to produce a phencyclidine (PCP)-like catalepsy in pigeons when administered intracerebroventricularly. Each of the antagonists produced catalepsy, although L-AP5, and the non-selective antagonists GAMS and cis-PDA, produced the effect only at toxic doses. The rank order of potency to produce catalepsy was AP7 greater than D-AP5 greater than D,L-AP5 greater than cis-PDA greater than ASP-AMP greater than AP4 greater than L-AP5 greater than GAMS; there was a strong positive correlation between this rank order of potency in vivo and the potency order of these compounds in vitro as NMDA antagonists. The antagonists did not displace significant amounts of [3H]N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine (a congener of phencyclidine) from its recognition site in the brain of pigeon. Thus, the PCP-like catalepsy that is produced by the excitatory neurotransmission at NMDA-preferring receptors that are distinct from, but related to, PCP receptors. The results strongly support the hypothesis that a reduction of neurotransmission at excitatory synapses, utilizing NMDA-preferring receptors, may underlie catalepsy in pigeons induced by PCP.

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Accession: 040086709

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PMID: 3670555

DOI: 10.1016/0028-3908(87)90085-2

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