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Fibronectin augments anti-CD3-mediated IL-2 receptor (CD25) expression on human peripheral blood lymphocytes

Fibronectin augments anti-CD3-mediated IL-2 receptor (CD25) expression on human peripheral blood lymphocytes

Cellular Immunology 135(1): 105-117

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is composed of a number of macromolecules that promote cell adhesion, cell migration, and differentiation. Receptors for these molecules have been identified and belong to a superfamily of cell surface proteins, collectively known as the integrins. In this study, we show that the matrix protein fibronectin (FN) acts synergistically with immobilized anti-CD3 antibody to promote proliferation of total human peripheral blood lymphocytes (HPBL) in the absence of exogenous IL-2. Proliferation was inhibited by both the alpha 5 beta 1 and alpha 4 beta 1 recognition peptides. ARG-GLY-ASP (RGD), and GLU-ILE-LEU-ASP-VAL-PRO-SER-THR (EILDVPST), respectively. Expression of CD25 (IL-2 receptor) was significantly higher on cells cultured on anti-CD3 and FN, indicative of T-cell activation. Additionally, cells cultured on immobilized anti-CD3 and FN for 3 days showed increased adhesion to FN and increased forward light scatter/side scatter profile. Synthesis of both IL-1 and to a lesser extent IL-2 was elevated in supernatants from cultures containing both anti-CD3 and FN. These data are consistent with published reports which demonstrate that ECM proteins can act as costimulants of lymphocyte proliferation. Finally, our results show that cells cultured on anti-CD3 antibody and FN have an activated phenotype and that cytokines may be involved in this process.

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Accession: 040143805

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PMID: 1826861

DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(91)90258-d

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