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Fine structure of larval malpighian tubules and rectal sac in the tick Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) erraticus (Ixodoidea: Argasidae)



Fine structure of larval malpighian tubules and rectal sac in the tick Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) erraticus (Ixodoidea: Argasidae)



Journal of Morphology 196(2): 187-193



The fine structure of the Malpighian tubules (Mts) and rectal sac (rs) is described in the larval tick Ornithodoros (Pavlovskyella) erraticus before and after feeding up to molting. Mts consist of structurally different pyramidal and cuboidal cells along the entire length of the tubule. In unfed ticks, the two types of cell are characterized by apical microvilli and a few basal membrane infoldings. The abundant pyramidal cells contain glycogen particles, lipid droplets, lysosomelike structures, and rickettsialike microorganisms. After feeding but before molting, pyramidal cells loose glycogen particles and become very dense and dramatically reduced in size. These cells are possibly involved in the formation of guanine crystalloids as an excretory product. In contrast, cuboidal cells, filled with glycogen particles, free ribosomes, and mitochondria in unfed larvae, grow steadily after feeding; their cytoplasm becomes rich in lipid droplets in addition to showing an increase in glycogen particles. Lipid and glycogen could be the source of energy required for water and ion reabsorption in which cuboidal cells are probably involved. The paired-lobe rs consists of one type of cuboidal cells with basal membrane infoldings and a brush-border microvilli covered by a fuzzy coat of glycocalyx. These cells grow rapidly after feeding; they have functional features indicating extensive, selective reabsorption of essential components from excretory products.

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Accession: 040147291

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 3385776

DOI: 10.1002/jmor.1051960207



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