Formation of CaF2 on sound enamel and in caries-like enamel lesions after different forms of fluoride applications in vitro

Bruun, C.; Givskov, H.

Caries Research 25(2): 96-100


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-6568
PMID: 2059982
DOI: 10.1159/000261350
Accession: 040164696

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The formation of calcium fluoride (CaF2) was measured on sound enamel (SE) and in caries-like enamel lesions (CL) after treatment in vitro with 2% neutral NaF or Duraphat. The caries-like lesions were created by exposure to acidified gel at pH 4.5 within a 0.07-cm2 window punched in water-repellant tape. The same window area was used in series (n = 10) of SE or CL during the application of NaF for 1 or 5 min or for 18 h or Duraphat for 6 or 18 h. CaF2 was extracted with 1 M KOH for 24 h, and fluoride was determined by gas chromatography. The short-term applications of NaF produced only negligible amounts of CaF2 on SE. The amounts of CaF2 in CL after 5 min application of NaF corresponded to (mean +/- SEM) 27 +/- 2.0 micrograms F/cm2. More than half of this amount was observed after only 1 min exposure to the NaF solution. The quantities of CaF2 in CL were similar after 6 and 18 h application of Duraphat, amounting to 26 +/- 2.2 and 31 +/- 2.2 micrograms F/cm2, respectively, suggesting that the reaction was essentially terminated after 6 h. These amounts were only about one fourth of the quantity obtained after 18 h exposure to the NaF solution. Thus, the conventional 5-min treatment with NaF produced the same amount of CaF2 in CL as 6 or 18 h exposure to Duraphat.