Glycoprotein biosynthesis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Isolation and characterization of the gene encoding a specific processing alpha-mannosidase
Camirand, A.; Heysen, A.; Grondin, B.; Herscovics, A.
Journal of Biological Chemistry 266(23): 15120-15127
We have isolated the gene from Saccharomyces cerevisiae encoding an alpha-mannosidase of unique specificity which catalyzes the removal of one mannose residue from Man9GlcNAc to produce a single isomer of Man8GlcNAc (Jelinek-Kelly, S., and Herscovics, A. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 14757-14763). Amino acid sequence information was obtained and corresponding degenerate oligonucleotide primers were synthesized for polymerase chain reactions on yeast genomic DNA. The labeled polymerase chain reaction products were used to screen a S. cerevisiae genomic library in YEp24, and positive clones of different lengths with similar restriction maps were isolated. A 4.6-kilobase fragment which hybridized with the probes was sequenced. It contained a 1650-base pair open reading frame encoding peptide sequences corresponding to the amino acid sequences of the purified alpha-mannosidase. The gene, designated MNS1, encodes a 549-amino acid polypeptide of calculated molecular size 63,017 Da produced by an mRNA species of approximately 1.7 kilobases. The protein possesses a putative noncleavable signal sequence near its N-terminal region which probably acts as a transmembrane domain. It has three potential N-glycosylation sites and a calcium-binding consensus sequence. Its amino acid sequence is homologous to the recently isolated cDNA from rabbit liver alpha-1,2 mannosidase which can transform Man9GlcNAc to Man5GlcNAc (Moremen, K. W., Schutzbach, J. S., Forsee, W. T., Neame, P., Bishoff, J., Lodish, H. F., and Robbins, P. W. (1990) Glycoconjugate J. 7, 401). Overexpression of the MNS1 gene caused an 8-10-fold increase in specific alpha-mannosidase activity. Disruption of the MNS1 gene resulted in undetectable specific alpha-mannosidase activity but no apparent effect on growth. These results demonstrate that MNS1 is the structural gene for the specific alpha-mannosidase and that its activity is not essential for viability.