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Gustatory-salivary reflex: neural activity of sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers innervating the submandibular gland of the hamster



Gustatory-salivary reflex: neural activity of sympathetic and parasympathetic fibers innervating the submandibular gland of the hamster



Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System 26(3): 187-197



Electrophysiological experiments were performed to clarify the neural control mechanisms subserving gustatory-salivary reflex in anesthetized and decerebrate hamsters. Efferent neural activities of postganglionic sympathetic and preganglionic parasympathetic fibers, innervating the submandibular gland, were recorded when taste stimuli were infused into the oral cavity. Neural activities of primary gustatory afferents were also recorded from the chorda tympani (innervating the anterior part of the tongue) and the glossopharyngeal nerve (innervating the posterior part of the tongue). The parasympathetic fibers showed a low rate of spontaneous discharges (about 0.3 Hz), and responded tonically in an excitatory manner to taste stimulation. The magnitude of parasympathetic activity was highly correlated with the magnitude of gustatory afferent responses of the chorda tympani rather than that of the glossopharyngeal nerve. On the other hand, the sympathetic fibers showed irregular burst discharges (1.5 burst/s), and the rate of burst discharges was increased in response to high concentrations of HCl (0.03 M) or NaCl (1 M) solutions. Deafferentation experiments suggest that the parasympathetic activity is mainly influenced by gustatory information via the chorda tympani, while the sympathetic activity can be evoked by both the chorda tympani and glossopharyngeal nerve.

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Accession: 040236324

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PMID: 2754176

DOI: 10.1016/0165-1838(89)90168-9


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