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Hemagglutination and intestinal adherence properties of clinical and environmental isolates of non-O1 Vibrio cholerae



Hemagglutination and intestinal adherence properties of clinical and environmental isolates of non-O1 Vibrio cholerae



Applied and Environmental Microbiology 55(9): 2403-2406



Hemagglutination and intestinal adherence properties of non-O1 Vibrio cholerae were studied in vitro. No definite correlation between the cell-associated hemagglutinin titers and the intestinal adhesion indices was noted. Sugar- and glycoprotein-mediated inhibition data also indicated differences between the hemagglutination and adherence processes in respect to the receptor structures. Intestinal adherence of most V. cholerae strains could be inhibited to various extents by N-acetyl D-glucosamine. This observation provides a likely explanation for the ecological behavior of these organisms, which are known to associate themselves with chitinous (chitin:homopolymer of N-acetyl D-glucosamine) surfaces of zooplankton. The absence of any significant difference between the intestinal adherence indices of clinical and environmental isolates suggests that intestinal adhesion may be an essential but not sufficient prerequisite for colonization by and subsequent expression of pathogenicity of these microorganisms.

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Accession: 040260279

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PMID: 2802613


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