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Hemodynamic and hormonal effects of prolonged anti-G suit inflation in humans



Hemodynamic and hormonal effects of prolonged anti-G suit inflation in humans



Journal of Applied Physiology 72(3): 977-984



This study examined the hemodynamic consequences of prolonged lower body positive-pressure application and their relationship to changes in the plasma concentration of the major vasoactive hormones. Six men [36 +/- 2 (SE) yr] underwent 30 min of sitting and then 3 h of 70 degrees head-up tilt. An antigravity suit was applied (60 Torr legs, 30 Torr abdomen) during the last 2 h of tilt. In a similar noninflation experiment, the endocrine responses were measured in the suited subjects tilted for 3 h. Two-dimensional echocardiography was used to calculate ventricular volume and cardiac output. Measurements were made 30 min before and 30 and 90 min after inflation. Immediately after inflation, mean arterial pressure increased by 7 +/- 2 Torr and heart rate decreased by 16 +/- 4 beats/min. Left ventricular end-diastolic volume and systolic volume increased significantly (P less than 0.05) at 30 and 90 min of inflation. Cardiac output increased after 30 min of inflation and returned to the preinflation level at 90 min. Plasma norepinephrine and plasma renin activity were maximally suppressed after 15 and 90 min of inflation, respectively (P less than 0.05). No such hormonal changes occurred during control. Plasma sodium, potassium, and osmolality remained unchanged during both experiments. Thus, prolonged application of lower body positive pressure induces 1) a transient increase in cardiac output and 2) a marked and sustained decrease in plasma norepinephrine and plasma renin activity, which reflect an inflation-induced decrease in sympathetic activity.

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Accession: 040263121

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1568994

DOI: 10.1152/jappl.1992.72.3.977



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