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Hemodynamic benefit of atrioventricular synchrony: prediction from baseline Doppler-echocardiographic variables

Hemodynamic benefit of atrioventricular synchrony: prediction from baseline Doppler-echocardiographic variables

Journal of the American College of Cardiology 13(7): 1613-1621

The purpose of this study was to determine if baseline Doppler-echocardiographic variables of systolic or diastolic function could predict the hemodynamic benefit of atrioventricular (AV) synchronous pacing. Twenty-four patients with a dual chamber pacemaker were studied. Baseline M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiograms were obtained and Doppler-echocardiographic measurements of mitral inflow and left ventricular outflow were made in VVI mode (single rate demand) and in VDD (atrial synchronous, ventricular inhibited) and DVI (AV sequentially paced) modes at AV intervals ranging from 50 to 300 ms. Forward stroke volume and cardiac output were determined in each mode at each AV interval from the left ventricular outflow tract flow velocities, and the percent increase in cardiac output over VVI mode was determined. M-mode measurements, including left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, shortening fraction and left atrial size and Doppler measurement of diastolic filling, including peak early velocity and percent atrial contribution, did not correlate with the percent increase in cardiac output during physiologic pacing. The stroke volume in VVI mode correlated significantly with the percent increase in cardiac output during physiologic pacing (r = -0.61, p less than 0.005 for VDD mode and r = -0.55, p less than 0.05 for DVI mode). Five of the 15 patients with VVI stroke volume less than 50 ml but none of the 9 patients with stroke volume greater than 50 ml had ventriculoatrial (VA) conduction.

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Accession: 040263305

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2723274

DOI: 10.1016/0735-1097(89)90356-2

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