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Hemodynamic effects of "expresso" Italian coffee and pure caffeine on healthy volunteers



Hemodynamic effects of "expresso" Italian coffee and pure caffeine on healthy volunteers



Cardiologia 35(7): 575-580



In 15 healthy non-coffee-drinker subjects and in 5 usual coffee-drinkers, the effects were studied of 2 cups of "espresso" italian coffee and of 200 mg purified caffeine on blood pressure, heart rate, forearm rest flow and peripheral resistance. In the 15 non-coffee-drinkers, left ventricular ejection fraction, fractional shortening, cardiac output and end-systolic stress were also evaluated by a 2D-guided M-mode echocardiogram before and 60 and 120 min after oral administration of 200 mg purified caffeine. In the non-coffee-drinker volunteers, diastolic and systolic blood pressure and peripheral resistance increased both after "espresso" coffee and after caffeine. In the usual drinkers no hemodynamic effect was seen. No variation of cardiac contractility was observed. We conclude that caffeine contained in the "espresso" coffee obtained with the high-pressure italian procedure is a strong vasoconstrictor agent, while it has no action on cardiac contractility.

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Accession: 040264101

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PMID: 2088602


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