Host cell-induced differences in O-glycosylation of herpes simplex virus gC-1. I. Structures of nonsialylated HPA- and PNA-binding carbohydrates
Lundström, M.; Olofsson, S.; Jeansson, S.; Lycke, E.; Datema, R.; Månsson, J.E.
Virology 161(2): 385-394
Lectins with narrow oligosaccharide specificities were established as probes to study the host cell influence on the biosynthesis of O-linked oligosaccharides of the herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specified glycoprotein C (gC-1). We found that only gC-1 and no other glycoprotein bound to the peanut lectin (PNA), with main specificity for Gal(beta 1-3)GalNAc. Previously, we have shown that only gC-1 binds to the Helix pomatia lectin (HPA), with main specificity for terminal GalNAc. The O-linked oligosaccharides binding to PNA and HPA were released by alkaline borohydride treatment and characterized. A structural determination of these oligosaccharides showed that the HPA-binding carbohydrates were monosaccharides (GalNAc), and that the PNA-binding oligosaccharides were disaccharides with the structure Gal-GalNAc. The PNA- and HPA-binding oligosaccharides were arranged as Pronase-resistant clusters on gC-1, consisting of about seven individual, adjacent oligosaccharides. In addition to these disaccharides, Pronase-resistant PNA-binding glycopeptides of gC-1 also contained neutral trisaccharides. Larger O-linked oligosaccharides, binding to the wheat germ lectin, were found in gC-1, but not in proximity to the PNA-binding ones. It was concluded that the lectins mentioned should be useful probes in screening HSV-infected cells of different lineages for differences in processing of O-linked oligosaccharides.