+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

How bicycle-related injuries change bicycling practices in children



How bicycle-related injuries change bicycling practices in children



American Journal of Diseases of Children 144(8): 928-929



Bicycle crashes are a major cause of injuries in childhood. The goal of this study was to determine the effects of bicycle-related injuries on the subsequent bicycle-riding behavior and safety practices of the child and other family members. Successful telephone contact was made with the parents of 82 of 230 children (age at time of injury, 4 to 15 years; median, 9 years; 57 boys and 25 girls) admitted to the hospital with bicycle-related injuries from 1983 to 1986. Parents were interviewed by telephone 4 months to 6 years after injury (median, 1 year 9 months). Head injuries predominated (64.6%). Almost all children continued to ride a bicycle after hospitalization (80 [97.6%] ). Few wore a bicycle helmet either before (6 [7.3%] ) or at the time of injury (3 [3.7%] ). More began wearing helmets after hospital discharge (20 [24.4%] ), but three fourths of the children still rode their bicycles without protective head wear. Helmet wearing also increased among bicycle-riding siblings after the index hospitalization (3 [7.0%] of 43 vs 7 [16.3%] ) but the difference was not significant. Parents commonly imposed restrictions on bicycle riding before hospitalization (78.0%) and after hospital discharge (82.9%). Twenty-six families (31.7%) reported more stringent rules after injury. Only 17 children (20.7%) participated in formal bicycle safety programs before the injury; only 5 (6.1%) more went through such a program after hospital discharge. Alone, an injury seems to have limited effect on the adoption of safe bicycling practices among children. The hospitalization of injured children provides opportunities for safety education to foster safe bicycling and to prevent injuries of all causes.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 040305386

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 2378342

DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.1990.02150320092035


Related references

The effect of bicycling helmets in preventing significant bicycle-related injuries in children. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 6(2): 102-107, 1996

Bicycle-related injuries to children and parental attitudes regarding bicycle safety. Clinical Pediatrics 43(3): 251-259, 2004

Prevention of bicycle-related injuries in children and youth: a systematic review of bicycle skills training interventions. Injury Prevention 20(3): 191-195, 2014

Urban-rural differences in bicycling-related injuries in children. Pediatric Research 51(4 Part 2): 183A, 2002

Trends in bicycling-related head injuries in children after implementation of a community-based bike helmet campaign. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 35(5): 688-689, 2000

Bicycle-related injuries among young children related to age at debut of cycling. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 37(1): 71-75, 2005

Bicycle-related injuries among preschool children. Annals Of Emergency Medicine. 30(3): 260-265, 1997

Disability from bicycle-related injuries in children. Journal of Trauma 30(11): 1390-1394, 1990

Bicycle helmet use and bicycling-related injury among young Canadians: an equity analysis. International Journal for Equity in Health 12: 48, 2013

Abdominal injuries related to bicycle accidents in children. Pediatric Surgery International 29(5): 459-463, 2013

Bicycle-related injuries among children requiring emergency treatment. Pediatric Research 53(4 Part 2): 197A-198A, 2003

Bicycle-related injuries among children and adolescents in the United States. Clinical Pediatrics 48(2): 166-173, 2009

Bicycle spoke-related injuries in children: emphasise prevention. NederlandsTijdschriftVoorGeneeskunde155(30-31):A3736, 2011

Bicycle-Related Injuries Among Children and Adolescents in the United States. Yearbook of Sports Medicine 2009: 2-3, 2009

Urban/rural variation in children's bicycle-related injuries. Accident; Analysis and Prevention 36(4): 649-654, 2004