Human soluble IL-6 receptor: its detection and enhanced release by HIV infection
Honda, M.; Yamamoto, S.; Cheng, M.; Yasukawa, K.; Suzuki, H.; Saito, T.; Osugi, Y.; Tokunaga, T.; Kishimoto, T.
Journal of Immunology 148(7): 2175-2180
ISSN/ISBN: 0022-1767 PMID: 1545125 Accession: 040316867
By using a fluorescence sandwich ELISA for the quantification of soluble human IL-6R, normal human PBMC were found to be induced to release IL-6R into culture supernatant by stimulation with PHA. Furthermore, certain promonocyte cell lines and human T-cell leukemia virus I (HTLV-I)-positive cell lines produced sIL-6R into culture supernatants constitutively. However, this was not found with HTLV-I negative T cell lines and Burkitt's B cell line. In addition, generation of supernatant IL-6R of the promonocyte cell line was significantly increased 27-fold after PMA treatment and sevenfold after infection with HIV. The released IL-6R molecules were characterized as an apparent m.w. of 50 to 55 kDa by both size-exclusion HPLC and immunoprecipitation of the soluble protein with IL-6R-specific mAb followed by SDS-PAGE analysis. Furthermore, increased levels of serum IL-6R were detected in blood donors seropositive for HIV. Moreover, the released IL-6R could bind efficiently to purified rIL-6 on solid phase and suppressed the proliferative responses of PBMC. These results suggest that the release of soluble IL-6R might be linked to regulatory functions of immune responses induced by IL-6 stimulation during normal and human retrovirus-infected cell growth and differentiation.