Hypothalamic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone content and serum luteinizing hormone levels in male rats during wallerian degeneration of sympathetic nerve terminals after superior cervical ganglionectomy

Romeo, H.E.; Arias, P.; Szwarcfarb, B.; Moguilevsky, J.A.; Cardinali, D.P.

Journal of Neural Transmission. General Section 85(1): 41-49

1991


PMID: 1867837
DOI: 10.1007/bf01244656
Accession: 040332240

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Abstract
The main hypothesis of this study was that sympathetic neurons located at the superior cervical ganglia (SCG) control luteinizing hormone (LH) releasing mechanisms by acting at a hypothalamic site. To test this, medial basal hypothalamus (MBH) luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) content and serum LH levels were measured in male rats subjected to superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCGx) or sham-operation 14 or 38 h earlier, at the time of degeneration of nerve endings post-SCGx. Significantly augmented MBH LHRH levels and decreased circulating LH were found in SCGx rats. In animals subjected to SCGx 14 h earlier and receiving a single injection of the alpha 1-adrenergic blocker prazosin, the beta-adrenergic blocker propranolol or a mixture of both drugs 45 min before sacrifice, only the injection of prazosin prevented the decrease of plasma LH levels. Neither treatment prevented the increase in MBH LHRH content. When prazosin was given every hour starting from the 10th to the 13th h after surgery, it was effective to prevent both the increase of MBH LHRH content and the decrease of serum LH found during sympathetic nerve degeneration. Similar repetitive injections of propranolol resulted in the greatest depression of serum LH, and in the greatest increase of MBH LHRH observed. Serum LH response to LHRH injection was similar in SCGx and sham-operated rats. The data indicate that SCG neurons exert, through inhibitory alpha 1-, and weaker, stimulatory beta-adrenoceptors, a significant influence on LHRH release at a supra-hypophysial site.

Hypothalamic luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone content and serum luteinizing hormone levels in male rats during wallerian degeneration of sympathetic nerve terminals after superior cervical ganglionectomy