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Identification of cryptic lox sites in the yeast genome by selection for Cre-mediated chromosome translocations that confer multiple drug resistance



Identification of cryptic lox sites in the yeast genome by selection for Cre-mediated chromosome translocations that confer multiple drug resistance



Journal of Molecular Biology 223(4): 911-928



The Cre recombinase efficiently causes site-specific DNA recombination at loxP sites placed into the eukaryotic genome. Since the loxP site of phage P1 is 34 base-pairs in size, the natural occurrence of this exact sequence is unlikely in any eukaryotic genome. However, related sequences may exist in eukaryotic genomes that could recombine at low efficiency with an authentic loxP site. This work identifies such cryptic lox sites in the yeast genome using a positive selection procedure that allows the detection of events occurring at a frequency of less than 1 x 10(-7). The selection is based on the disruption/reconstruction of the yeast gene YGL022. Disruption of YGL022 confers multiple drug sensitivity. Recombination events at a loxP site 5' to the structural gene restore expression of YGL022 and result in a multiple drug resistant phenotype. These drug resistant mutants all display chromosomal rearrangements resulting from low-frequency Cre-mediated recombination with an endogenous cryptic lox site. Ten such sites have been found and they have been mapped physically to a number of different yeast chromosomes. Although the efficiency of Cre-mediated recombination between loxP and such endogenous sites is quite low, it may be possible to redesign recombination substrates to improve recombination efficiency. Because of the greater complexity of the human and mouse genomes compared with yeast, an analogous situation is likely to exist in these organisms. The availability of such sites would be quite useful in the development of alternative strategies for gene therapy and in the generation of transgenic animals.

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Accession: 040342094

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1554399

DOI: 10.1016/0022-2836(92)90252-f


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