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Immunity to Heligmosomoides polygyrus induced by subcutaneous vaccination with post-infection larvae

Larrick, K.S.; Semprevivo, L.H.; Maloney, M.D.; Tritschler, J.P.

International Journal for Parasitology 21(3): 321-328

1991


ISSN/ISBN: 0020-7519
PMID: 1894430
DOI: 10.1016/0020-7519(91)90034-5
Accession: 040355353

The objective of this study was to investigate, using the Heligmosomoides polygyrus (= Nematospiroides dubius)-mouse model, whether live post-infection trichostrongylid larvae recovered from the intestinal wall of donor animals and placed subcutaneously would serve as vaccine protecting against oral challenge by third-stage (infective) larvae (L3). Experiments were conducted to determine the effect of number and age of post-infective larvae as well as age and sex of host on vaccination. Vaccinated BALB/cByJ mice were challenged with 30 L3 and total adult worm burdens compared between vaccinated groups and sham-treated controls (greater than 90% infection rates). All mice subcutaneously vaccinated with either five or 10 larvae harbored significantly fewer challenge parasites in their intestines than did sham-treated controls (P less than 0.001). Both young and mature mice were significantly protected against challenge by the subcutaneous larval vaccine. Adult female mice had significantly (P less than 0.05) fewer parasites than adult male mice. The age of the larvae (indicated as the days between infection and harvesting of the larvae) was important in that day-4 or day-6 larvae (L4) were significantly more protective (P less than 0.001) than day-2 (L3) or day-8 larvae (L5-preadult). Reduction in worm burden for young vaccinated animals ranged from 31 to 39% (P less than 0.001) and for mature animals from 88 to 100% (P less than 0.001). Passive transfer to serum resulted in the reduction of worm burdens by 26-40% (P less than 0.05).

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