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Immunogenic (tum-) variants of mouse tumor P815: cloning of the gene of tum- antigen P91A and identification of the tum- mutation



Immunogenic (tum-) variants of mouse tumor P815: cloning of the gene of tum- antigen P91A and identification of the tum- mutation



Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 85(7): 2274-2278



Mutagen treatment of mouse P815 tumor cells produces tum- variants that are rejected by syngeneic mice because these variants express new surface antigens. These "tum- antigens" are recognized by cytolytic T lymphocytes but induce no detectable antibody response. Transfection of P815 cell line P1.HTR with DNA of tum- variant P91 yielded transfectants expressing tum- antigen P91A. They were detected by their ability to stimulate proliferation of cytolytic T lymphocytes [Wölfel, T., Van Pel, A., De Plaen, E., Lurquin, C., Maryanski, J. L. & Boon, T. (1987) Immunogenetics 26, 178-187]. A cosmid library of a cell line expressing antigen P91A was transfected into P1.HTR. Transfectants expressing the antigen were obtained. By packaging directly the DNA of a transfectant with lambda phage extracts, we obtained a small cosmid population containing as major component a cosmid that transferred the expression of P91A. The assay of various restriction fragments of this cosmid led to the isolation of an 800-base-pair fragment containing the P91A sequence required for transfection. Comparison with a homologous cDNA showed that this fragment contained only one of the several exons of the P91A gene. The normal and the tum- forms of the gene differ by one nucleotide located in this 137-base-pair exon. The essential role of this mutation, which produces an amino acid change, was confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis. No significant sequence similarity was found between the 800-base-pair fragment and any recorded gene.

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Accession: 040360321

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PMID: 3127830

DOI: 10.1073/pnas.85.7.2274


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