Impaired affinity for phenylalanine in Escherichia coli phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase mutant caused by Gly-to-Asp exchange in motif 2 of class Ii tRNA synthetases
Kast, P.; Wehrli, C.; Hennecke, H.
Febs Letters 293(1-2): 160-163
Phenylalanyl-tRNA synthetase (PheRS; alpha 2 beta 2 subunit structure) is a member of class II of tRNA synthetases. We report here the genetic analysis of an Escherichia coli mutant strain which is auxotrophic for phenylalanine because it has a PheRS with a decreased affinity for phenylalanine. The mutant pheS gene encoding the PheRS alpha subunit was cloned and sequenced, and the deviation from the wild-type gene was found to result in a Gly191-to-Asp191 exchange. This alteration is located within motif 2, one of 3 conserved sequence motifs characteristic for class II aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases. Motif 2 may thus participate in the formation of the phenylalanine binding site in PheRS.