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In vitro evaluation of a high-efficiency leukocyte adherence filter



In vitro evaluation of a high-efficiency leukocyte adherence filter



Annals of Hematology 63(6): 302-306



In view of the currently available data, prevention of alloimmunization requires filters with higher efficiency to achieve a reduction in the number of leukocytes below 10 million per transfusion. Two versions (Pall PL-100 and PL-50) of the new generation leukocyte-depletion filters were studied. Single donor (SDPC)- and pooled multiple donor (MDPC) platelets were run in parallel. At a flow rate of 10 ml/min, the PL-100 filter was shown to effectively reduce the number of residual leukocytes to far below the critical immunogenic threshold of 10 million in all SDPC units and in 77% of MDPC units. Apheresis platelets appear not only to be better depleted than pooled multiple donor platelets, but also to have a better post-filtration platelet recovery (96% versus 84%). The efficiency of the smaller version of the filter (Pall-50) was higher than that of the Pall-100 filter for both single and pooled multiple donor platelet concentrates (PC). Leukocytes were absent in more than 92% of units in both types of concentrates. The maximal number of detected leukocytes was 2.2 million in a pool of 6 units. The outcome of filtration of 5-day-old pooled platelets was less favorable than filtration of 1- or 2-day-old pooled platelets, indicating that filtration soon after preparation is preferred to filtration after storage. Post-filtration platelet integrity, activation state, function, and morphology were all well preserved in both single and multiple PCs.

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Accession: 040390697

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 1756191

DOI: 10.1007/bf01709651


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