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Indomethacin therapy abrogates the prostaglandin-mediated suppression of natural killer activity in tumor-bearing mice and prevents tumor metastasis

Indomethacin therapy abrogates the prostaglandin-mediated suppression of natural killer activity in tumor-bearing mice and prevents tumor metastasis

Cellular Immunology 99(1): 108-118

We have shown earlier that a decline in splenic natural killer (NK) activity during the development of transplanted or spontaneous tumors in mice results from an inactivation of NK lineage cells, mediated by prostaglandins (primarily PGE2) secreted by NK suppressor cells of the monocyte-macrophage lineage. In the present study we have used a C3H mouse mammary carcinoma model to examine whether this mechanism of NK suppression is conducive to tumor metastasis in vivo and whether a reversal of this suppression by a chronic indomethacin therapy can prevent metastatic spread from the primary tumor site. Three mammary tumor lines, all derived in our laboratory from a spontaneous C3H mammary tumor were employed: T-58 (uncloned parental line, having weak lung metastasizing ability from the subcutaneous site), C3 (a clone of T-58, showing high metastatic ability), and C10 (a nonmetastatic clone of T-58). Although the degree of NK susceptibility of these lines varied inversely with their metastatic potential, none was NK resistant. A chronic administration of indomethacin in the drinking water (14 micrograms/ml) to mice beginning on Day 4 after subcutaneous transplantation of 10(6) tumor cells resulted in a significant reduction in the growth rate of primary tumors in all hosts and led to a complete or nearly complete abrogation of lung metastasis in T-58- or C3-transplanted hosts examined at 1 month after tumor transplantation; C10-transplanted mice showed no metastasis in the control or the treated group. Concomitantly, there was a substantial restoration of splenic NK activity in all indomethacin-treated hosts. Plastic-adherent cells (greater than 95% macrophages) isolated from tumors growing in control mice, when coincubated for 20 hr with normal splenic effector cells caused a suppression of NK activity, reversible in the presence of indomethacin (10(-5) M) in vitro. Similar cells recovered from the residual primary tumors in indomethacin-treated mice had no suppressor ability. Chemically pure PGE2 (at concentrations of 0.5 to 1 X 10(-6) M, but not 0.25 X 10(-6) to 10(-8) M) also caused a suppression of NK activity of normal splenic effector cells, when added during the 4-hr 51Cr-release assay or allowed to interact with effector cells alone for a 20-hr incubation period; a removal of the cell-free PGE2 in the latter case prior to the NK assay did not relieve the suppression.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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Accession: 040416977

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PMID: 2944621

DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(86)90220-0

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