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Induction of ICAM-1 expression on human airway epithelial cells by inflammatory cytokines: effects on neutrophil-epithelial cell adhesion

Tosi, M.F.; Stark, J.M.; Smith, C.W.; Hamedani, A.; Gruenert, D.C.; Infeld, M.D.

American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology 7(2): 214-221

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 1044-1549
PMID: 1353976
DOI: 10.1165/ajrcmb/7.2.214
Accession: 040418365

Inflammation of the human airways in diseases such as chronic bronchitis, cystic fibrosis with Pseudomonas endobronchial infection, and possibly asthma during late-phase reactions involves a local influx of neutrophils (PMN) that may participate in airway epithelial injury. PMN-mediated cellular injury is most efficient under conditions of PMN-target cell adhesion. PMN express adhesive glycoproteins of the CD11/CD18 family that are counter-receptors for intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), found on various cell types. We proposed that adherence by PMN to human airway epithelial cells via ICAM-1 might be an important mechanism in inflammatory airway diseases. We found that although PMN adhere poorly (less than 5%) to monolayers of human tracheal epithelial cells (TEC) in primary culture, they adhere readily (45 to 50%) to an SV40-immortalized line of human TEC, designated 9HTEo-. We also found 6-fold greater surface expression of ICAM-1 on 9HTEo- compared with primary TEC. Blocking surface ICAM-1 on 9HTEo- cells with specific monoclonal antibody inhibited PMN adherence by about 50%. Thus, ICAM-1 plays a major role in this adherence, although it is possible that other epithelial ligands contribute also. Antibodies to CD11a, CD11b, and CD18 on PMN also inhibited PMN-epithelial adherence. Treatment of primary TEC monolayers with the proinflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 (IL-1) or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) caused a 3- to 4-fold increase in both cell surface ICAM-1 expression and support of PMN adhesion.

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