Influence of human T lymphocytes identified by antibodies to dipeptidyl peptidase IV on differentiation of human B lymphocytes stimulated with Staphylococcus aureus Cowan i and pokeweed mitogen

Gruber, M.; Scholz, W.; Flad, H.D.

Cellular Immunology 113(2): 423-434


ISSN/ISBN: 0008-8749
PMID: 2896071
DOI: 10.1016/0008-8749(88)90039-1
Accession: 040432783

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The influence of human T lymphocytes expressing the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP IV) was investigated with respect to human peripheral B-lymphocyte differentiation. B cells stimulated with pokeweed mitogen in the presence of DPP IV-positive T cells produced high amounts of immunoglobulin. Moderate amounts of immunoglobulin could be measured when B cells were cultured in the presence of DPP IV-negative T cells. DPP IV defines a T-cell subset partially overlapping the subsets characterized by the differentiation antigens Leu 3a (helper/inducer) and Leu 2a (suppressor/cytotoxic). DPP IV-positive T cells exert, in contrast to DPP IV-negative T cells, high interleukin-2 activity after stimulation with phytohemagglutinin and pokeweed mitogen. To further functionally characterize DPP IV-positive and DPP IV-negative T cells, the helper effects of Leu 3a-positive T-cell subsets, differing in DPP IV expression, were investigated in pokeweed mitogen- and Staphylococcus aureus-driven B-cell differentiation systems. After pokeweed mitogen stimulation, immunoglobulin production was markedly reduced when B cells were cultured in the presence of Leu 3a-positive T cells expressing DPP IV (DPP IV+/Leu 3a+). In contrast, high amounts of immunoglobulin were produced in cultures with Leu 3a-positive but DPP IV-negative T cells (DPP IV-/Leu 3a+). This difference in immunoglobulin production of B cells cultured with DPP IV+/Leu 3a+ and DPP IV-/Leu 3a+ T cells could not be observed in Staphylococcus aureus-stimulated cultures. Here, both T-cell subsets supported terminal differentiation of B cells. We conclude that in the pokeweed mitogen-driven culture systems, DPP IV+/Leu 3a+ and DPP IV-/Leu 3a+ T cells may differ in the production of growth and/or differentiation factors distinct from interleukin-2.