Inhibition of noradrenaline-stimulated lipolysis and cyclic AMP accumulation in isolated rat adipocytes by purified phospholipase C and theta-toxin from Clostridium perfringens

Freholm, B.B.; Möllby, R.; Malmquist, T.; Smyth, C.J.

Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica 42(1): 23-34

1978


ISSN/ISBN: 0001-6683
PMID: 203164
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0773.1978.tb02167.x
Accession: 040447491

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Abstract
Purified phospholipae C (phosphatidylcholine cholinephosphohydrolase, EC 3.1.4.3) and theta-toxin from Clostridium perfringens both inhibited noradrenaline-stimulated lipolysis and cyclic AMP accumulation in isolated rat adipocytes in a dose-dependent manner. The action of phospholipase C was gradual in onset, while the effect of theta-toxin was almost immediate. Phospholipase C, but not theta-toxin, hydrolyzed membrane phospholipids and inhibited adenylate cyclase (EC 4.6.1.1) in a crude membrane fraction from fat cells. The inhibitory effects of phospholipase C were associated with morphological alterations detectable by electron microscopy, whereas effects of theta-toxin were observed at a time when no clearcut morphological alterations could be observed. It is concluded that the two purified principles from C. perfringens, which are both present in commercial preparations of phospholipase C, antagonize noradrenaline-stimulated cyclic AMP accumulation and lipolysis. Although their exact mechanisms of action have not been elucidated, phospholipase C and theta-toxin have different modes of attack.

Inhibition of noradrenaline-stimulated lipolysis and cyclic AMP accumulation in isolated rat adipocytes by purified phospholipase C and theta-toxin from Clostridium perfringens