Inhibitory effects of the cholecystokinin antagonist loxiglumide on pancreatic exocrine secretion and pancreatic growth in conscious rats

Taguchi, S.; Green, G.M.; Nakano, I.; Hatta, Y.

International Journal of Pancreatology Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology 11(2): 67-73

1992


ISSN/ISBN: 0169-4197
PMID: 1607730
DOI: 10.1007/bf02925977
Accession: 040451999

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Abstract
The effects of cholecystokinin (CCK) receptor antagonist Loxiglumide (CR 1505) on pancreatic exocrine secretion and growth stimulated by chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion to the ileum were studied in conscious rats. Pancreatic secretion was measured each day at 0900 h for 7 d. Pancreatic flow and protein output were significantly increased 24 h after bile-pancreatic juice diversion. Protein output increased each successive day, reaching maximal values of 3.6-fold above basal by the 6th and 7th d of chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion. Fluid output reached maximal values of approx. 3.5-fold above basal by the 3rd d of chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion. Plasma CCK increased threefold above basal levels after 24 h of bile-pancreatic juice diversion and remained three- to fourfold above basal. Intragastric bolus infusion of CR 1505 (50 mg/kg) on the 7th d of chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion inhibited pancreatic protein and fluid secretion by 80 and 75%, respectively, 60 min after administration and by 52 and 71%, respectively, 5 h later. Pancreatic wet wt after 7 d of chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion was significantly increased by 56%, and this was completely suppressed by 50 mg/kg of CR 1505 given intragastrically every 12 h. These rests indicate that the rat with chronic bile-pancreatic juice diversion is a useful model to examine both potency and duration of the action of CCK receptor antagonists and show that CR 1505 inhibits pancreatic exocrine secretion and growth induced by endogenous CCK.

Inhibitory effects of the cholecystokinin antagonist loxiglumide on pancreatic exocrine secretion and pancreatic growth in conscious rats