Section 41
Chapter 40,468

Interaction of short-chain and branched-chain fatty acids and their carnitine and CoA esters and of various metabolites and agents with branched-chain 2-oxo acid oxidation in rat muscle and liver mitochondria

Veerkamp, J.H.; van Moerkerk, H.T.; Wagenmakers, A.J.

International Journal of Biochemistry 17(9): 967-974


ISSN/ISBN: 0020-711X
PMID: 3934010
DOI: 10.1016/0020-711x(85)90241-1
Accession: 040467567

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Interaction of various compounds with the 14CO2 production from [1-14C]-labelled branched-chain 2-oxo acids was studied in intact rat quadriceps muscle and liver mitochrondria. In the absence of carnitine, CoA esters of short-chain and branched-chain fatty acids, CoA and acetyl-L-carnitine stimulated oxidation of 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate and 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate in muscle mitochondria. Octanoyl-L-carnitine inhibited oxidation of the latter, but stimulated that of the former substrate. Isovaleryl-L-carnitine was inhibitory with both substrates. Carnitine stimulates markedly 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate oxidation in liver mitochondria at substrate concentrations higher than 0.1 mM, in contrast to 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate oxidation. In the presence of carnitine, 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate oxidation was inhibited in muscle and liver mitochondria by octanoate, octanoyl-L-carnitine and isovaleryl-L-carnitine. The latter ester and octanoyl-D-carnitine inhibited also 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate oxidation in muscle mitochondria. Branched-chain 2-oxo acids inhibited mutaly their oxidation, except that 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate did not inhibit 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate oxidation in liver mitochondria. Their degradation products, isovalerate, 3-methylcrotonate, isobutyrate and 3-hydroxyisobutyrate inhibited to a different extent 2-oxo acid oxidation in liver mitochondria. The effect of CoA esters was studied in permeabilized and with cofactors reinforced mitochondria. Acetyl-CoA and isovaleryl-CoA inhibited only 3-methyl-2-oxobutanoate oxidation in muscle mitochondria. Octanoyl-CoA inhibited oxidation of both 2-oxo acids in muscle and 4-methyl-2-oxopentanoate oxidation in liver mitochondria.

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