Section 41
Chapter 40,483

Intestinal apolipoprotein B-48 synthesis and lymphatic cholesterol transport are lower in swine fed high fat, high cholesterol diet with soy protein than with casein

Ho, H.T.; Kim, D.N.; Lee, K.T.

Atherosclerosis 77(1): 15-23


ISSN/ISBN: 0021-9150
PMID: 2719758
DOI: 10.1016/0021-9150(89)90004-x
Accession: 040482221

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Effects of dietary proteins on intestinal lipoproteins were studied in 8 Yorkshire swine fed a high fat, high cholesterol diet with either casein or soy protein. After 5 weeks of feeding, the casein group exhibited moderately elevated levels of serum cholesterol (334 +/- 46 mg/dl). The soy protein group showed significantly less hypercholesterolemia as compared to the casein group (122 +/- 8 mg/dl). Swine were subjected to cannulation of mesenteric lymph duct under halothane anesthesia. A single dose of 250 microCi [14C]cholesterol and 10 mCi [3H]leucine was infused into the upper jejunum 2 h after one-fifth of daily food was given. The 3-h lymphatic transport of cholesterol in casein-fed swine was significantly higher than in those fed soy protein. Triglyceride transport values were similar in the 2 groups. The [3H]leucine incorporation study revealed that transport of apo B-48 bore a significant positive relationship to transport of cholesterol in both chylomicron and VLDL fractions of mesenteric lymph. A greater apo B-48 secretion with higher specific activity was probably responsible for the greater transport of cholesterol in chylomicrons in casein-fed than in soy protein-fed swine. Similarly, the transport of lymph VLDL cholesterol in swine fed casein or soy protein paralleled the amount of accompanying apo B-48. Dietary proteins probably influence the intestinal synthesis of apo B-48 which in turn affects cholesterol transport into the lymphatics.

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