Intraocular pressure, ocular pulse pressure, and body position

Buchanan, R.A.; Williams, T.D.

American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics 62(1): 59-62


ISSN/ISBN: 0093-7002
PMID: 3976837
DOI: 10.1097/00006324-198501000-00008
Accession: 040491475

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Intraocular pressures (IOP's) were measured using the Digilab Pneuma-tonometer with the subject in both the sitting and supine positions. The IOP with the Pneuma-tonometer was greater (17.03 mm Hg) in the supine position than in the sitting position (12.90 mm Hg). The IOP measured with the Pneuma-tonometer, with the subject sitting, was similar to the IOP measured with the Goldmann applanation tonometer (13.42 mm Hg). Inasmuch as IOP tends to be lower with the patient in a sitting position, the clinician should be alert to the possibility that some patients with borderline Goldmann IOP's may have pressures well above the normal range when they are lying down. Due to the continuous recording provided by the Pneuma-tonometer, the ocular pulse pressure can be measured. We found a mean ocular pulse pressure amplitude of 1.77 mm Hg. All values are shown plus or minus 1 SD. Comparison of the ocular pulse pressure amplitude for the two eyes could aid in detecting patients with suspected carotid artery stenosis.